The Shrines of Jerusalem
Jerusalem is a city sacred to the three Abrahamic religions – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It was the site where David brought Israel’s ark of the covenant and Solomon built a temple to house it –– a temple destroyed by the Babylonians, rebuilt after the return from Babylonian exile, expanded by Herod, and destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE. The site of Jesus’ crucifixion and burial became in the fourth century under Constantine the martyrium and shrine of the resurrection (Anastasis) now incorporated in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Jerusalem soon became a pilgrimage destination, and other shrine churches were built on many sites associated with Jesus, including the Church of the Upper Room (Sion), Gethsemane, and the supposed site of the Ascension. After the Moslem conquest of Palestine in the seventh century, three major shrines were erected on the Temple Mount: the Dome of the Rock, the Dome of the Chain, and the al-Aqsa Mosque. This course will look at the tangled history of the three religions in Jerusalem and at the major monuments.
- February 1. An overview of this history of Jerusalem and archaeological work on Solomon’s temple, Christian Jerusalem, and the Moslem shrines on the temple mount. DVD
- February 8. The temple.
- February 22. The Christian shrines of Jerusalem. Powerpoint: The Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The Churches of Jerusalem.
- February 29. The Moslem shrines on the temple mount. Powerpoint. The Noble Sanctuary.
- February 1
Document 1: The Hills of Jerusalem. Document 2: Timeline for Jerusalem Shrines.
- February 8
Document 3: The Building of the First and Second Temples. Document 4: The Temple.
- February 22
Document 5: Exploring Aelia Capitolina. Document 6: Excerpts from Eusebius and Sozomen. Document 7: The Holy City of Jerusalem in the Madaba Map. Document 8: The Anonymous Pilgrim from Bordeaux (333 ce). Document 9: Processional Stations for the Good Friday Vigil. Document 10. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Document 11: Churches of Jerusalem at the Time of the Madaba Map.
- February 29
Document 12: The Night Journey of Muhammad. Document 13: The Noble Sanctuary (Islamic Structures on the Temple Mount).
- Armstrong, Karen. Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths (New York: Random House, 1997).
- Biddle, Martin. The Tomb of Christ (Phoenix Mill, Thrupp, Shroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1999).
- Carroll, James. Jerusalem, Jerusalem: How the Ancient City Ignited the Modern World (New York: Harcourt Brace, 2011)
- Magness, Jodi. The Archaeology of the Holy Land (Cambridge, UK: University Press, 2012)
- Magness, Jodi. The Holy Land Revealed (Great Courses DAD)
- Wilkinson, John. Egeria’s Travels, third edition (Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2006).
- Sanctuaries (older site) http://18.104.22.168/opt/xampp/custodia/tsancta/00sanctENG.php (newer site, some sites under construction): http://www.custodia.org/default.asp?id=1867
- Biblical Excursions in Jerusalem: http://www.christusrex.org/www1/ofm/sbf/escurs/Ger/indexEn.html
- The Madaba Map: http://www.christusrex.org/www1/ofm/mad/Madaba_Mosaic_Map.html